For centuries Egyptian has used the Nile water for their daily use and agriculture. In the last few decades the increasing population of the Nile nations has put strain on the water supply. The problem is that many Nile nations especially Egypt may engage in a war to secure the water resources.
Egypt population is growing fast, by a new born every 27 second. The fast growing population is outgrowing the water and food supply. To help solve the food shortage problem the Egyptian government is expanding the amount of land available for agriculture by reclaiming more desert land, this expansion in agriculture land needs sustainable amount of water which is becoming problematic as the population increases and their demand for water increases.
The sources for water in Egypt are limited to the Nile River and underground water. The underground water in lots of wells is salted and not suitable for agriculture or drinking and needs to be processed which is capital intensive, a tool that Egypt lacks. The Nile River flows from Ethiopia to Egypt across multiple African countries. Each country has its own needs and growing agriculture projects to fulfill the needs of its people. An agreement was reached between these countries to divide the available water between them; this agreement is threatened to fail, as the need for water increases.
This dilemma raises the question: how long can Egypt sustain expanding its agriculture land?
I am sure that there are other countries in the same situation and trying to find a solution.